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|Shape:||White Or Light-gray Extrusions||Size:||Φ4mm×4-15mm|
|Bulk Density, Kg/l:||1.0-1.3||Temperature, ℃:||200-400|
7mm zinc oxide adsorbent,
7mm desulfurizing agent,
7mm Desulfurization Agent
ZINC OXIDE DESULFURIZATION ADSORBENT T305
1. Features and Scope of Application
Zinc Oxide Desulfurization Adsorbent T305 is widely applicable to feedstock purification processes in production of hydrogen, ammonia, alcohols and organic chemicals. It can remove hydrogen sulfide from various feed gases (oils) to as low as less than 0.1ppm.
Main reaction of the desulfurization process is as follows:
The adsorbent also is capable of converting and absorbing simple organic sulfur such as COS and CS2.
Adsorbent T305 is highly adaptable. It can work in severe conditions with high sulfur absorption capacity, high activity, high strength , good sustainability for activity and sulfur absorption capacity, and good tolerance to high steam. It can obtain satisfactory operation results both at higher ( about 400℃) and lower (about 200℃) temperature.
2.Composition and Physical Properties
|Appearance||white or light-gray extrusions|
|Particle size , mm||Φ4mm×4-15mm|
|Bulk density, kg/l||1.0-1.3|
|loss On Ignition, %||max2|
|Zinc oxide content, %||min95|
|loss on abrasion, ％||max6|
|Sulfur capacity, ％||min20(220℃)
4.Normal Operation Condition
Feedstock: light oil , residue cracking gas, natural gas, synthesis gas, coal gas and shifted gas, with recommended hydrogen sulfide concentration of less than 250 ppm.
|Pressure, MPa||ambient to 4|
|Steam/feed gas||1～1.5 or dry gas|
|Space velocity, h－1||1000～3000(gas)
|Sulfur in processed stream, ppm||＜0.1|
Oxygen: oxygen content in feed gas(oil) should not exceed 0.5%. Excessive oxygen may lower breakthrough sulfur capacity of the adsorbent.
Chlorine: Chlorine presence in any state will affect desulfurization result.
Loading depth: recommended loading depth/ reactor diameter ratio is 3, so as to ensure enough residence time of the gases in the bed. Configuration of two reactors in series can improve utilization efficiency of the adsorbent.
(1) Clean the reactor before loading;
(2) Screen the adsorbent to remove dust;
(3) Load a layer of refractory spheres at both top and bottom of the adsorbent bed. The refractory is separated from the adsorbent by stainless nets with mesh size smaller than the adsorbent;
(4) Use special tool to ensure evenly distribution of the adsorbent both in the center and around the inner wall;
(5)Inspect uniformity of the bed during loading. When inner-reactor operation is needed, A wood plate should be put on the adsorbent for the operator to stand upon.
(6)A stainless net and a 50mm layer of refractory spheres should be installed at the top of the adsorbent bed so as to prevent entrainment of the adsorbent and ensure even distribution of the gas stream.
(1)Replace the system by nitrogen or other inert gases until oxygen concentration in the gas is less than 0.5%;
(2)Preheat the feed stream with nitrogen, purge gas or synthesis gas under ambient or elevated pressure;
(3)Heating speed: 30-50℃/h from room temperature to 120℃, 120℃ for 2 h, 50℃/h over 120℃ until required temperature is attained. Keep at the temperature for 4h.
(4)Elevate the pressure at 0.5MPa/10 min during the thermostatic steps until the operation pressure is attained.
(5)After pre-heating and pressure elevation, the system should be operated at half load to regulate temperature, pressure and flowrate. Then raise the load steadily when operation becomes stable till full-scale operation.
(6)If pressure elevation is done prior to pre-heating, careful control is needed in accordance to the procedure above. Rapid temperature rise may cause stress and result in pulverization of the adsorbent.
Contact Person: Kevin